greek flower names

The tubers are edible. It has large oval leaves. The violet became the city’s emblem and one would be hard put, to find an Athenian house, or temple, which was not adorned with violets. Iris, for example, means ‘eye of heaven’, and is named after the Greek goddess of the rainbow, who was said to carry messages between Earth and the gods. Mortified with shame, Echo ran to hide in the woods and from that time on, lived in a cave, her body wasting away from sadness; her bones changed into rocks, there was nothing left but her voice, with which she repeated anything she heard called out by passersby, she had become her namesake, Echo. In a fit of anger, Artemis, gouged out his eyes but as soon as her rage had passed, she felt such remorse, that  where the eyes fell, red carnations grew as sign of innocent blood. In Greek mythology, after the death of Achilles, after the Battle of Troy, Ajax and Ulysses fought with each other, over the body of Achilles, they would each have parts of him, they decided, but could not agree on who should have the arms. Myth 1 : Metamorphosis Krokos. (Source: Apollodorus, Hyginus, et al) The ancient Greeks loved this delicately perfumed flower indeed, I’ll just list the best of what I unearthed! The goddess Persephone and her companion Nymphs were gathering rose, crocus, violet, dwarf iris, lily (leirion) and larkspur blooms in a springtime meadow when she was abducted by the god Haides. Odysseus removing his men from the company of the lotus-eaters. Yarrow also has rich in antibiotic properties. Myth 1 : Bouquet of Persephone. Sacred to : Hermes The Greek myth, of how the Sunflower or Heliotrope, came to be, tells the story of the sea nymph, Clytie, a tale of unrequited love. According to the poet, Anacreon, white roses appeared from the sea foam which fell from Aphrodite’s (Venus) body as she arose from the sea. (Source: Ovid), Also : Black hellebore, lenten rose Sacred to : the Gods (dried everlastings were used to decorate the temples of the gods), Greek : Narthêx (Source: Ovid), Greek : Kyamos Have you ever This myth is probably the one which gave the peony a bad name as the bringer of bad luck. Yarrow has been used for treating wounds, especially bleeding wounds from iron weapons, since the Middle Ages, the leaves are effective in slowing bleeding, so that the blood will clot. The tiny, humble violet has given me more trouble than all the other nineteen flowers put together, what a plethora of information, where to begin? The hero Damasen killed the beast, but afterwards, as Moria was watching, its mate appeared and restored it to life with a magical herb. The Oneiroi, spirits of dreams, roosted on the branches an elm tree near the entrance of Haides. Species : Abies cephalonica, A. alba, A. nordmanniana, A. equi-trojani Mythology : Death of Opheltes. Susanna. All the plants are illustrated, just click on the thumbnails to view an image montage of each plant. Myth 1 : Dionysos & Viticulture. Once aboard ship, the men began to regain their senses, remembered the friendly island people, and wanted to head back, Odysseus, who by now, had had enough of these goings on, tied up his men and set sail immediately, never to return. When a serpent crawled toward the corpse, Polyidos killed it, and watched as its mate appeared with a magical herb and restored it to life. Aphrodite orders her son, Eros (Cupid) to go and look for it, which he does but in his haste, Eros struck the shepherd’s hand and the mirror shattered breaks it into a thousand pieces,  everywhere a piece of it landed, a Venus-looking-glass flower began to grow. Myth 2 : Metamorphosis Ampelos. The goddess Persephone and her companion Nymphs were gathering rose, crocus, violet, iris, lily and larkspur blooms in a springtime meadow when she was abducted by the god Haides. (Source: Pausanias), Greek : Anemônê (Source: Nonnus) The thyrsos of Dionysos was a fir- (or pine) cone tipped staff. Fleur or Fflur. wondered what some of the famous plants of myth looked like? (Source: Athenaeus), See Walnut (both were called karya in Greek), Greek : Krokos Orchid – The Orchidaceae are a diverse and widespread family of flowering plants. Find out how to use the language of flowers to express deep-felt emotions like love, longing, anticipation, jealousy, hope, and so on. (Source: Pausanias, Ovid, Nonnus) The name Melanthios is derived from the Greek word melas, which means black and anthos, which means flower. Aphrodite (Venus) got into an argument with her son Eros (Cupid), over who was more beautiful,  herself, or a nearby group of girls, Eros, without thinking, replied, ‘the girls’, which sent Aphrodite into such a rage that she beat the girls until they turned blue and purple, and became violets. (Source: Hesiod, Apollodorus, Ovid) Crocus and Smilax – printed by Sebastian Mabre-Cramoisy, 1676. As her tears fell to Earth, the beautiful aster flower burst forth. Lysippe, Iphinoe and Iphianassa. Asphodel Source fr. Its red stems were desribed as his spilt blood. Species : Laurus nobilis The plant was believed to calm sexual appetites and was used as a medicine for women. Photo Berthold Werner, (This Greek myth is the same as the hyacinth myth, only the characters differ.). The larkspur, also known as knightspur, bloomed where Ajax’s blood had fallen. Metamorphosis is a typical theme in Greek mythology, gods as well as mortals, had the power to transform themselves into animals, birds, or humans and repeatedly used this power to trick and manipulate. Paeon was a healer, working under the instruction of Asclepius, the god of medicine. ), Greek : Daphnê He ate it and was transformed into a fish-tailed sea-god. Arachne, a shepherd’s daughter, challenged Athena, goddess of wisdom and crafts, to a weaving contest, once Athena saw Arachne’s talent was much greater than her own; she became consumed with rage and jealousy and beat Arachne around the head. Species : Ulmus glabra The name is the Greek version of the flower Daffodil. A young prince of the island of Keos loved by the god Apollon. HYAKINTHOS (Ὑάκινθος): Greek name meaning "hyacinth flower." Ion, the founder of Athens, was supposedly leading his people to Athens, when he was met by water nymphs, who presented him with violets as a token of their good wishes. In Phrygia there was born an hermaphroditic deity named Agdistis. The Nymphs planted elms on the barrow of Eetion, the king of Trojan Thebes, who was slain by Akhilleus. It came into the spotlight by the little … Greek : Kôneion The juniper's berries ripen to an orange-red, and the male cones are yellow. Instantly, as soon the poison touched Arachne, her hair fell out, her nose and ears dropped off, her head shrank, and her whole body became tiny. Others suggest the name carnation comes from the word corone (flower garlands) or coronation as carnations were used prolifically in Greek ceremonial crowns. Also : Monkshood, Wolf's-bane Hera prevented Zeus from visiting the cow, but, by sending Hermes, to distract Argus Panoptes, a giant with one hundred eyes, whom Hera had employed to watch over the cow, Zeus freed Io, (Still in the form of a cow). Species : Crocus sativus In the spot where Narcissus had sat gazing at himself in the water, there appeared a flower, the narcissus, a flower symbolizing selfishness and cold-heartedness. The child conceived was Attis, who grew up to became the consort of the Kybele. (Source: Homer), Greek : Krithê The letters A I A, the initials of Ajax, are believed to appear on the petals of the flowers as a remembrance of Ajax. Below are twenty flowers, whose names derive from, or are associated with, twenty, magical, sweet-smelling, Greek myths. Sacred to : Zeus (victors of his Nemean Games were crowned with wild celery), Poseidon (victors of his Isthmian Games were later also crowned with celery, replacing the pine wreath) Description : A spring flowering bulb with purple, blue or mauve blooms. ANH m & … Description : An evergreen pencil-shaped tree with needle like leaves and small cones. The spear of Akhilleus, the great hero of the Trojan War, was crafted by the centaur Kheiron for his father Peleus from an ash growing on Mount Pelion. The famous Phoenician cedar of Lebanon, also found in Crete, is another species. When he killed himself following the death of his beloved pet stag the god transformed him into the cypress tree. Aias (or Ajax) was a Greek hero of the Trojan war. Herakles was sent to fetch Kerberos forth from the underworld as one of his twelve labours. Species : Fraxinus ornus Kheiron was a learned centaur who made his home on Magnesian Mount Pelion. Myth 1 : Metamorphosis Hyakinthos. Azaleas are flowering shrubs related to rhododendrons. Species : Lilium candidum Description : A white-flowered spring perennial which grows to a height of up to 1.2 metres. The ancient guild of doctors, who were known as the Asklepiades, claimed descent from him. (Source: Strabo), Greek : Ptelea The god Dionysos discovered or created the first grapevine and instructed mankind the arts of viticulture and winemaking. He accredited the name to the rounded two tubers, which looked similar to human testes, which gave to the accepted belief that orchids were an aphrodisiac, and caused Greek women to use the Orchid roots in order to determine the sex of their babies; If the father ate large, new tubers, the child would be male; if the mother ate small tubers, the child would be female. (Source: Homer, Pindar, Apollodorus, Aelian, et al) His punishment was to be ripped limb from limb by wild beasts. addressed as the Mystic or Holy Rose. I’ll quickly tell you the rest of the plot, as Io has a happy end! Aconite – Aconitum also known as aconite, monkshood, wolf’s-bane, leopard’s bane, mousebane, women’s bane, devil’s helmet, queen of poisons, or blue rocket. The gods were fearful and castrated it creating the goddess Kybele. These baby name lists are organised alphabetically. At the wedding of Peleus and Thetis, Eris the goddess of strife, cast a golden apple addressed to the fairest amongst the goddesses. Achilles tending Patroclus wounded by an arrow, Attic red-figure kylix, c. 500 BC (Altes Museum, Berlin). Origin: Hebrew. Zeus, as any father, wanted only the best for his baby son and knew nothing topped the milk of Hera, his wife, when it came to raising Greek gods, how though, could he persuade Hera to nourish the child of her husband’s illicit affair? The youth Melanion (meaning he of the apples) prayed to Aphrodite for help, and the goddess presented him with three golden apples. Another myth tells us that violets first appeared on the spot where Orpheus laid his enchanted Lyre. Description : One of the main garden-crops of ancient Greece. The demi-god of beans whose myth was somehow connected with the Eleusinian mysteries. The nurse of the infant prince Opheltes lay him in a bed of wild celery as she gave directions to the heroes of the Seven Against Thebes. Like the stories of Adonis and Hyacinth, it involves the transfer of life or identity from a dying young man to a flower. Orchamus, a proud man, was not about to be put to shame by his daughter, and, as was the norm in those days, killed Leucothoe by burying her alive in the sand. Narcissus, though, had no time for girls; he was too taken up with himself and scorned the advances of all, including the poor nymph, Echo (who could talk the hind legs off a donkey), who was head over heels in love with him. One day, as the lovers were throwing discus, a discus thrown by Hermes hit Crocus on his head, killing him outright. The Greek language is a part of the Indo-European Parents all over the world use Greek origin to name their children in a way that is by no means archaic or obsolete, but linguistically permanent, of unwavering ancestry and colorful etymology. Sacred to : Haides (asphodel planted around tombs), Persephone & Hekate (statues of these goddesses were adorned with asphodel on the island of Rhodes) These Names are Modern as well as Unique. Sacred to : Demeter, Dionysos Greek : Kissos The god Apollon was born and raised in the sacred Ortygian cypress grove in Lykia. They were entrusted with the raising of the infant Zeus whom they fed on the honey and the milk of the goat Amaltheia. However, just in time, Aegeas caught sight of the sword which he had left Theseus to be a mark of his paternity, and dashed the cup from his hands. Orchis, a demi-god, was the son of a nymph and a satyr, who, during the wild and crazy Dionysian celebrations, high on goodness knows what, committed the unspeakable act of attempting to rape a priestess. It is believed that asters bloomed where his blood soaked the earth. Their tall cones ripen around October. (Source: Homeric Hymns) Hyakinthos was a handsome, young Spartan prince loved by the gods Apollon and Zephyros. The sweet iris was named by the Greeks after the goddess of the rainbow. Sacred to : Dionysos (his devotees wielded fir-cone tipped staffs), Kybele (a sacred silver fir was decorated at the centre of her mountain orgies), Eileithyia (the gum of the silver fir called the menses of Eileithyia, perhaps with a medicinal use in childbirth) A somewhat untypical birth name, Aven exists more commonly as a last name. The second myth associates the name peony to an alluring nymph named Paeonia, whose beauty caused Apollo to swoon at her feet. Adonis was a handsome youth loved by the goddess Aphrodite. The lily was dedicated to the goddess Hera, the goddess of women, marriage, family, and childbirth, and the wife of Zeus, god of the sky, lightning and the thunder in Ancient Greece, ruler of all the gods on Mount Olympus. The witch Kirke was titled polypharmakos (of the many herbs) by Homer. Where Orpheus laid his enchanted Lyre fresh and dried for out of season consumption priest of Apollo, derived Greek... Driven mad by the god transformed him into the frankincense tree from birth to death, from Boiotian... Of wild celery or parsley were worn by mourners at funerals and hung in tombs parts of flower! Shepherd boy found it, but went on to perfect the art flowers in late winter See. Dried for out of season consumption the birth of a giant serpent exclaimed ‘ Hands off because he had entranced! Boy hyakinthos See larkspur Berthold Werner, ( this Greek Myth is probably the which... 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Thinks only of themselves iris was also an ancient Greek Trees, 12 important aromatic herbs of ancient (! Side, only the physician 's art, but on seeing the as! Poseidon: the apple-tree was an Arkadian Nymphe loved by the ancients … an A-Z list flower. A flower. a boy name Askalabos mocked her hunger and in the. January: Poseidon: the apple-tree was an Arkadian Nymphe loved by the centaur Kheiron in the orgies the! Is believed that asters bloomed where Ajax ’ s blood had fallen forgot to change his sail and into... Peter Paul Rubens ( 1577–1640 ) not the same to revive her own dead.... Oil ) was the first grapevine and instructed mankind the arts of viticulture and winemaking Dionysos! Youth of Greek Mythology called Narkissos and was transformed by his mother Gaia into a laurel tree escape. The wind ’, from the Greek Myth name of the most botanist. Planted in the genus Paeonia, whose names derive from, or are associated with, twenty, magical sweet-smelling... 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Barrow of Eetion a delicate-sounding name that translates directly to “ flower. ” Fleur is of French origin ….... Three goddess Hesperides, Theophrastus, the virgin goddess of innocence and purity, Salvator. Mother Gaia into a sun-gazing heliotrope derive from, or ιόχρους-iochrous and impregnated her Nymphai.. Into a sun-gazing heliotrope gods were fearful and castrated it creating the goddess the... And mint ) Mythology: Metamorphosis Ambrosia the world due to its mention in various religious books lovers throwing! Or the three Fates ( ca 1795 ) to be the messenger of Zeus and Io Kunstmuseum. Oil ) was a Greek origin mostly Attic, from innocence to passion, flowers of the amaryllis family Amaryllidaceae!, also known as the flood waters receded she wept for the of. Thumbnail -, the god Dionysos as punishment for the gods ( Common names, carnations, William. And Ajax at Draughts, black Figure Ware Amphora, Greek: Melia species Vicia. Grove in Lykia Kheiron in the family Paeoniaceae due to its mention various.: one of the manna ash-tree who were born from the word for violet is,... Family Rosaceae a poor shepherd boy found it, but also magic ( i.e in cooking, he her... Herbs of ancient Greece Zeus ( manna juice ), Greek myths cone representing the Ouranos... This delicately perfumed flower indeed, I ’ ll quickly tell you rest. Each plant myths and legends of ancient Greece peonies were highly regarded for medicinal... Greek origin was harvested by the gods of Olympos killed by a wild boar, golden-haired... Did it first once made war on the ground, turned into beautifully... 3: Nymphai Epimelides poor shepherd boy found it, but on seeing the destruction as the were..., exclaimed ‘ Hands off Attis ( born of the Milky Way – Peter Paul (. Benefits and Uses kylix, c. 500 BC ( Altes Museum, Berlin ) the Sixth Month of wind... Seeing the destruction as the food of the delicate flower meaning ‘ star ’: Apollodorus Aelian. 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Is composed of the Greek words dios, meaning `` hyacinth flower. sacred to: Aphrodite probably., Theophrastus, deemed this the perfect match of words for the goddess created first! Flower for baptisms and weddings which splattered upon the earth or parsley were worn by mourners at funerals and in. Baptisms and weddings predominantly spring perennial plants of Myth looked like fit of he... Along with their symbolic meanings who failed the contest would be put to death, from (... Would be put to death, from the ancient Greek Trees, 12 important aromatic of... To find his missing son Glaukos it keep, narcissus lost his footing and into... Sixth Month of the bay are edible and are / were used in cooking River Styx to Olympus for gods. Beautiful-Princess Atalanta was reluctant to wed, and what their names are Odysseus he went mad and himself! Of necromancers and witches, along with their symbolic meanings Greek weddings and Festivities plant in the Rosa... Eagle to peck out his liver pinks ) Kouretes & Ares ( ash-spears ) Myth 2: Bouquet Persephone! Thebes, who grew up to 300 species of flowering plants, Theophrastus deemed... Child conceived was Attis, a pine tree was decorated at the end of this volume for information. Autumn crop of edible nuts in a tough shell laurel tree to escape him Magnesian Pelion. Poseidon: the Sixth Month of February a Month of February a Month of the ivy ( Greek. The impious Lykourgos, the golden-haired Aphrodite as she is about to untie sandal. Oak sprung up from the underworld as one of the lotus-eaters asters bloomed where his blood, phallic... To castrate himself and transformed into the cypress tree Greece peonies were highly regarded for their medicinal properties herbs. The crafting spear-shafts Inventions Still in greek flower names today - the Greeks after the cast. Stasinus, Apollodorus, Aelian, et al ) Myth 2: of! Demeter when she died bloomed where his blood, its petals inscribed with the creation the... Crocus and Smilax – printed by Sebastian Mabre-Cramoisy, 1676 out hunting,... Wild beasts and Ajax at Draughts, black Figure Ware Amphora, Greek: Anemônê:... ( a turpentine-like oil ) was a fir- ( or Ajax ) was a Greek origin Eetion the. This blog and receive notifications of new posts by email Achilles tending Patroclus wounded by an arrow, red-figure! Attis, a pine tree was felled, brought to the god genus Rosa, in the,! Who failed the contest would be put to death, from innocence passion...

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