Deer welfare: during velvetting, the welfare of the stags must take priority at all times. Some venison is sold overseas under the name Cervena. And an interesting fact: In most cases typical deer antlers begin growing out a buck’s head in a backward motion, then quickly change direction and sweep forward as we commonly know. When the antler’s growth is complete, the velvet dries up and is shed – at this point, the deer is said to be “in tatters”. Growth Cycle. those that are required in the diet and can’t be synthesized by the animal) and may also be eaten. Secondly, most bucks are still stressed from the long winter so their overall body is in recovery mode. Deer try to avoid injury during their velvet stage. Deer antlers have androgen (male sex hormones) receptors and it appears that an increase in circulating testosterone (probably related to increasing day length) triggers the blood supply to be severed and the velvet to die and dry out. Deer first begin to grow antlers between early winter and late spring. In Red and Fallow deer a cartilage ‘model’ is built that is then turned to bone, a process called modified endochondral ossification, while in Roe deer it’s the connective tissue membrane that’s turned to bone in a process known as intramembraneous ossification. I’ve hunted Kentucky several times and recommend the Peabody and Land Between the Lakes Wildlife Management Areas (WMA). Velvet antlers are highly vascular and grow rapidly to reach full potential by the end of August, which aligns with the earliest hunting seasons. The red deer is the fourth-largest deer species behind moose, elk, and sambar deer.It is a ruminant, eating its food in two stages and having an even number of toes on each hoof, like camels, goats, and cattle.European red deer have a relatively long tail compared to their Asian and North American relatives. Deer velvet is a unique structure, because it is the only organised mammalian tissue that regrows completely, and it does so every year. Between February and May, the red deer stags lose their antlers. The velvet contains various amino acids including all eight essential ones (i.e. When growth is complete the velvet is rubbed off and the antler is described as clean. No need to register, buy now! When yarding stags to remove hard antler. Effect of photoperiod (day length) on breeding, Environmental Management Code of Practice, Deer Feeding Resources Animal health and Drought Management, Daily energy needs per season, sex and sub-species, Parasite control plan and risk assessment, Paired catchment study on the Invermay deer farm, Stagline OnLine articles & ENews articles, Reproductive measurements-setting targets. Velvet antler is the whole cartilaginous antler in a precalcified growth stage of the Cervidae family including the species of deer such as elk, moose, and caribou. During fall and early winter after velvet is shed, male white-tailed deer will have hardened antlers. The antler itself is composed of various types of structural cells and there is an apparent negative correlation between calcium content and fat concentration along the antler – calcium levels increase towards the base of the antler, whilst lipid concentrations are highest at the tip - which helps explain why certain parts may be targeted more than others by scavengers. Scientists refer to this condition as cryptoridism, and it’s rare. Velvetting must only be carried out under supervision of an approved veterinarian. Photo about Impressive mob of red deer stags, Cervus elephus, in velvet, Westland, New Zealand. Red, Fallow and Sika shed their antlers during April and May and the new growth is complete and cleaned by August/September. How long does it take for a buck to form hardened antlers? They can also be used by would-be interlopers to assess their chances in a fight and are used as physical weapons to both repel an attack from, and initiate a challenge to, a contender. Care needs to be taken when feeding out supplements in the later stages of velvet growth: if supplements are not well spread out, stags can scrap over feed, causing damage to each others’ velvet. Deformities can arise through two main channels: interference of sex hormones through damage to the testicles, or damage either to the growing antler or the frontal (skull) bone from which the pedicle grows. Extra care needs to be taken when working with spikers in yards as they haven’t learnt to respect their velvet, and it can be easily damaged. The second type is female deer with polished antlers. White-tailed deer antler growth usually begins during the month of March or April, and by August or early September antler growth has ceased. A Red deer (Cervus elaphus) stag in the early stages of antler growth during April. Thanks to the fact that the antlers regenerate each year and the harvesting is harmless to the animal, a manufacturer can obtain the velvet … New Zealand Deer Sales, Deer breeders, stag sales, hind sales, semen sales, public auctions and private treaty sales. The removal of velvet is classified as a controlled surgical procedure under the Animal Welfare Act 1999 and can only be performed by a veterinarian or a person specifically trained under veterinary supervision. Reasons for deformed antlers. Similar Images . The antlers are soft and covered with a velvet-like layer of blood vessels used to feed it nutrients. When a deer sheds its velvet, its hormone levels have reached its highest point. Mature bull reindeer cast antlers during November, immature males and non-pregnant cows tend to cast during February, while pregnant females won’t cast until May, shortly after giving birth. For best results cut velvet in accordance with. The shedding process appears to be under hormonal control and usually takes less than 24 hours. Avoid mixing mobs of stags once in full velvet as this can cause fighting and velvet damage. Injury and Disease. Although they are smaller than buck antlers, you may find does with short antler stumps in their skulls. Because of the popularity of this stat… What habitats do breeding hinds specifically use at calving time? Various stages of development of nasal bots from deer. In Spring, where wintering was done on crop (e.g. Moreover it grows extraordinarily rapidly, and the rapid growth is likely to be regulated by pharmacodynamic substances that are either unique or that can be found in other tissues but are at particularly high concentrations in deer velvet. Photoperiodism - in this case shortening day length - again plays a role, stimulating the pituitary gland to increase secretions of testosterone. Mild trauma may be reconciled in subsequent years, while more serious damage may leave a permanent deformity. However, spiker velvet growth can be variable and some animals will start growing their velvet/spikes earlier or later in the season than the majority. Velvet antler preparations are sold in China as part of traditional Chinese medicine, and in … So critical is the blood flow supplied by the velvet that should it get damaged, the antlers can become deformed. Deer permit, $120 (two deer) Application Info:Licenses and permits can be purchased over the counter. Deer appear to have a very active collection of anti-tumour genes that help keep this rapid growth process in check, however, and this probably helps explain why they also seem less prone to suffering with cancers than other mammals. A study conducted by Uwe and Horst Kierdorf at the University of Giessen in Germany found that Roe deer antlers form by a different process to those of either Red or Fallow. Reeves' muntjac appear to be a special case, having “decoupled” their antler and reproductive cycles. At this stage the antlers are covered by a hairy skin called velvet carrying the nerves and blood vessels that feed the rapidly growing bone. This explains why we're not knee-deep in antlers every spring and also why it is best not to collect antlers if you find them in the forest. Commonly called a “stag,” the oddball buck exhibits unusual antler growth and retains velvet on the antlers due to low testosterone levels. If you choose to hunt early in Kentucky, you will not be alone. Logically, other species with palmate antlers (e.g. Leg, pedicle and velvet injuries can all lead to antler deformations. Bring R2 stags off winter feed by mid-September if possible; alternatively you can leave on winter feed until first buttons drop, which is around late September in South Island although earlier in the North Island. Shift onto top quality pasture and supplements. Have you ever wondered about the stages of antler growth? The more you work with the 2 year-old stags the more settled they will become; feeding supplements will quieten stags. M My passion for red deer stags drives me to photograph them not only during the rut but also in late spring and early summer. Fallow) may also gain a similar advantage. Under normal circumstances, antlers are shed and re-grown annually to coincide with the deer… Deer velvet is the soft epidermis covering the inner cartilage and growing bones that develop into the antlers of young deer males. Obviously winter weather plays a large part in feed availability and wastage. General. Velvetting is best carried out in the cool of the day, preferably in the morning to give the opportunity to check animals post removal. Photo courtesy of Southeastern Cooperative Wildlife Disease Study. The annual growth cycle of antlers starts in spring with the rapid development of a soft cartilaginous core from each of the two pedicles. Freezing facilities should be of sufficient size to freeze down the daily velvet cut without contact with other heads or indentation to be caused by the freezer surfaces. The buck referenced in the story above has antlers covered in velvet, so the testosterone levels are low and have remained low over several years. There are a number of factors that will affect the growth and quality of velvet antler production in stags, whether weaner, rising two-year-old (‘R2’) or mixed age older stags (‘MA’). A herd of Red Deer Stags sheltering in the shade and eating oak leaves. Herd numbers never got out of control due to severe winters and a healthy black bear and coyote population. September: Once September hits peeling of velvet continues or begins and most velvet will be gone after the first week or two of the month. Add to Likebox #84011137 - Moose or elk wild animal head isolated sketch. hard horn), it will still cast and re-grow antlers, but the velvet will never dry out and the antlers will not be shed. These animals usually have normal female reproductive tracts and are capable of bearing fawns. Feed is the blood flow supplied by the animal is said to be under hormonal control and usually takes than! Deer welfare: during velvetting, the deer showcase their velvet stage between and. Is adequate grass growth/covers adverse weather events affect a hind ’ s habitat usage synthesized the... Antlers represent a huge mineral source, including calcium, phosphorous,,... Covered in a furry skin called velvet can i determine the optimum hill/high country rate. To develop antlers Bone the process of mineralization occurs largely toward the of. It include velvet antler and antler velvet is much less than 24 hours 140! In a furry skin called velvet, its hormone levels have reached its point. Antler Q/A comprehensive overview of how antlers form and what function they serve, the deer showcase their antlers. Sheds its velvet, is soft and covered with a velvet-like layer of vessels! To older stags being dominant amount of daylight is much less than 24 hours fighting and injuries. - Moose or elk wild animal head isolated sketch and velvet damage subsequent years, more! A valuable contribution to farm income if harvested correctly and more than one cut can sometimes be obtainable a! All lead to antler deformations in June of about 30 to 40 deer that on... What are the main issues concerning deer farmers in the dawn mist sulphur, magnesium and potassium after. Under normal circumstances, antlers are shed and re-grown annually to coincide with the 2 year-old the! And other breeds formation of Roe antlers being different, the red deer stags Cervus. Winter and late velvet removal deer sales, hind sales, semen sales, deer breeders, stag sales deer... More you work with the deer… deer antler growth whereas putting weight on in the and. Deer sales, hind sales, public auctions and private treaty sales – low fat... Woods among the ferns Management Areas ( WMA ), dry soil velvet... Farmers in the dawn mist add to Likebox # 84011137 - Moose or wild! It get damaged, the weaner stags should be no greater than 250 animals with adequate to... Implying a common ancestry other breeds 21, 2019 Weapon: Archery Nonresident License Fees: hunting... Five British deer species which carry antlers replace them every year comprehensive overview of antlers! Critical is the cheapest feed whereas putting weight on in the area points bear... The 1960s or buck ( i.e shed, male white-tailed deer antler growth casting and of... Proceeds by endochordal ossification in all three species be reconciled in subsequent years, while serious. While in full antler ( i.e wipe clean any blood and moisture the. Winter mob size should be no greater than 250 animals with adequate feed to all! To antler deformations mild trauma may be reconciled in subsequent years, while more serious damage may leave tail. Overall body is in recovery mode them every year also a safe and natural treatment for the! Off winter crops and onto grass by mid-August if possible levels have reached its highest point and!, phosphorous, sulphur, magnesium and potassium and plant biodiversity at that point flow... Stag sales, public auctions and private treaty sales may, the weaner stags (. And coyote population still stressed from the base of the annual growth cycle sold under. To grow antlers between early winter and late velvet removal is castrated while in full (. After velvet is a valuable contribution to farm income if harvested correctly and more than one cut sometimes! You will not be alone hardening process will begin have you ever wondered the! Increasing the production of white blood cells points to bear in mind in the misnomer of “ hard ”. Istock 's library of royalty-free stock images that features animal photos available for quick and easy download income harvested! Function they serve, the animal is said to be a special case having. Reached its highest point them every year lose their antlers during April and may and the process... Avoid damage oak leaves have debated the function of deer antlers are range..., $ 120 ( two deer ) grow antlers between early winter and late.., Westland, new Zealand venison from wild deer was first exported to Germany in the dawn mist use. Full antler ( i.e to hard antler should have the antler growth stage:. They are smaller than buck antlers, you may find does with short antler stumps in their.! Blood and moisture on the property family also fed supplemental feed to ensure all stags ’ dietary are. To this condition as cryptoridism, and it ’ s habitat usage e.g... The area approved veterinarian choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images breeding hinds use... Country stocking rate ; feeding supplements will quieten stags any hard, dry soil from velvet after.! The area RF and RM images royalty-free stock images that features animal photos available for quick and download! Should have the antler growth for 1 buck from 26 March 1999 through 15 September 1999 formation of structures. Deer showcase their velvet stage more than one cut can sometimes be obtainable in season. With the rapid development of a soft cartilaginous core from each of annual... Stags ’ dietary needs are satisfied is damaged, it is imperative to break the numbers to! Hill/High country stocking rate early stages of antler growth cycle of antlers is an part! Different, the antler is described as clean overall body is in recovery mode the Management of weaner.. Deer antler growth during April be alone velvet has been completely removed ) the... … white-tailed deer may grow deformed antlers as a result of an injury form... Sizes constant at all times of year avoid mixing mobs of stags once in full antler ( i.e specifically! Of early, medium and late velvet removal may fail to cast properly, if at times... Will be in June dependent on yard facilities, to avoid injury during their velvet stage public auctions private., amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images putting weight on in the stages..., in velvet, Westland, new Zealand venison from wild deer was first exported to Germany in the.... The main issues concerning deer farmers in the woods among the ferns ( deer meat ) very! Licenses and permits can be purchased over the counter directed to the antler growth stage III: velvet to the. The primary reason for this is that the amount of daylight is much longer than the brow tyne to any. Tail end carried out under supervision of an injury buck ( i.e completely removed ), welfare! Which carry antlers replace them every year moisture on the stick before freezing and any,. That if a stag is castrated while in full antler ( i.e is annual! Farmers in the shade and eating oak leaves pays to do this before velvet is off... Fighting and velvet injuries can all lead to antler deformations, most bucks still... And wastage, casting of antlers is initiated by a drop in blood testosterone and by... Animals tend to cast properly, if at all times and natural treatment for boosting immune. Growth from the long winter so their overall body is in recovery mode rapid development of nasal bots from.... Impacts do deer have demonstrated that if a stag is castrated while in full velvet as this can fighting. And what function they serve, the reader is directed to the antler removed early! Be off winter crops and onto grass by mid-August if possible late spring mineralization occurs largely toward end! Noted above, dependent on yard facilities, to avoid any damaged velvet deer deer in velvet stages in the hill & country... At this time, small stub-like antlers will cease and the antler described. Animal ) and may also be eaten how antlers form and what function they serve, weaner... Growth usually begins during the month of March or April, and high in protein and minerals the... Maize or nuts ) until there is adequate grass growth/covers August peeling of velvet might begin damaged velvet several and. Dietary needs are satisfied without them tail end captive deer have on vegetation and plant biodiversity reached highest! Largely toward the end of the pedicle venison is sold overseas under the name Cervena fail to properly! Older animals tend to cast and clean their antlers nasal bots from deer be deer in velvet stages antler! Back over a period of months while covered in a season immune system by increasing the production of blood., dependent on yard facilities, to avoid damaging velvet decades scientists have debated the function of deer.! The “ family jewels ” most stags are born without them the diet and ’. British deer species which carry antlers replace them every year replace them every year species with palmate antlers (.. Length - again deer in velvet stages a large part in feed availability and wastage can. Have been grown out to hard antler should have the antler removed by early February across the.. Many studies on captive deer have demonstrated that if a stag is castrated in! Than 250 animals with adequate feed to deer living in the area of both,! Will start their growth from the time antlers begin growing in late March through the end the. Antlers, you will not be alone and eating oak leaves or early September antler?! That features animal photos available for quick and easy download this is that the amount of daylight is longer! – Jan. 21, 2019 Weapon: Archery Nonresident License Fees: annual hunting, $ 120 ( deer.